Jamaica is a land of history and beauty. It is a thriving civilization and a land filled with natural resources. Throughout its rich history Jamaica has survived colonization twice ,eventually gaining its independence on August 6, 1962. Jamaica is a island country located in the West Indies and it possesses a history that stretches as far back as the Tainos and as recent as the British. The Island was discovered by Christopher Columbus on May 14. 1494. The Spanish colonized Jamaica 15 years later. Columbus’s ship was beached by a storm on the 25 of June 1503 in a place which is now known as St. Ann’s Bay. Columbus and his men remained on the island for a year before eventually leaving in 1504. The Jamaican population consists of 2.948 million people and this was last recorded in 2019.
The Rich History between Jamaica and The British
Jamaica is a land of history and beauty and the British are a major part of their history and culture. The English colonized Jamaica in 1655 and it remained a British colony until the year 1962. The British shared many of their cultural beliefs and traditions with Jamaicans. They shared their language , Religion , literacy and more. The Maroons and the British had a history of warfare but that all ended when both parties decided to sign a peace treaty on March 1 , 1739. The peace treaty was signed by Maroon leader Cudjoe who was a fierce Jamaican Maroon known for his cunningness and fighting style. The Maroons were runaway slaves who believed in getting and maintaining freedom at any cost. In 1962 the long struggle with the British ,for freedom ended with Jamaica gaining their independence on August 6.
Jamaica made a large contribution to the war in 1914 sending men , supplies and finances to aid the British in their war efforts. They were also immediately involved in the World war II efforts in 1939 backing Britain when Britain decided to declare war after the Germans had invaded Poland. Jamaica and the British have a strong bilateral relationship through their governor general. He is directly responsible for corresponding with Britain and the queen on the behalf of the country.
Jamaica’s natural features and resources
Jamaica is nicknamed “The Land Of Wood And Water” because of its lush, green and thick vegetation and pure sources of water, which is mainly flowing through its rivers and springs. It is a fairly mountainous country. Some parts of the central region of Jamaica are mountainous in appearance and altitude. Majority of Jamaica’s central region is spanned by its highest mountain “The Blue Mountains”. The Blue Mountains were the home of the Central Maroons for many years during the Maroon revolts waged against the British. The Maroons still reside in Blue Mountain presently.
Jamaica is one of the leading producers of Bauxite within the Caribbean region. Bauxite Ore is the main source of Aluminium . The leading Bauxite mining company in the country is currently Noranda Bauxite Limited. They have a contractual agreement with the Government of Jamaica to mine Bauxite in none protected areas until 2030. The Cockpit country is Bauxite rich land but it is currently being protected under The Natural Resources Conservation Act. It is also a protected area due to the amount of Flora and Fauna within it that are endemic to Jamaica and the Caribbean region.
Jamaica’s National symbols
Jamaica has many plants and animals that are endemic to the country and region. The national bird of Jamaica is The Doctor Bird (Trochilus polytmus) it can only be found in the island nation and is one of the most outstanding specimens among all the species of Humming Birds. Jamaica’s national flower is the Lignum Vitae (Guiacum officinale). It was found on the island by Christopher Columbus. Many Jamaicans believe that it was nicknamed ” The Wood Of Life” because of its medicinal qualities. The plant grows best in dry woodlands along the North and South coast of the island. The wood of the tree is commonly used to make shaft bearings for ships and is sought after by nationals and none nationals alike for various reasons.
The National Tree of Jamaica is The Blue Mahoe (Hibiscus elatus). This tree is regarded as one of the primary sources of timber in the local lumber industry. It is commonly used in re-afforestation efforts and is a major source of cabinet timber. The Jamaican coat of arms was designed by the Archbishop of Canterbury , William Sanderoft in 1661 and remains the same apart form a partial revision in 1957. It was maid with the intention of signifying the diversity of Jamaican people and culture.
Ackee (Blighia sapida) is the national fruit of Jamaica. Historians believe it was brought from West Africa , to Jamaica on slave ships. It may not be endemic to Jamaica but it has strong significance in the Jamaican culture. it produces large quantities of edible fruit every year. Jamaica is the only place that recognises the fruit as a edible crop , although it has since been introduced to other countries in the Caribbean. The Jamaican national costume is the Bandana and it is mostly worn at festivals and folk gatherings. It is plaid red in colour and usually made of cotton.
The Jamaican national flag is one of its most treasured national symbols and was first used on August 6 , 1962. It is apart of the reason why Jamaica is considered as a land of history and beauty today. This was the day that Jamaica gained independence from the British empire. The flag was designed by a bipartisan committee of the Jamaica House of representatives. the colours of the flag symbolize that “Hardships there are but the land is green and the sun shineth is the symbolism of the Flag. Black symbolizes the strength and creativity of the Jamaican people ; Gold, for natural wealth and beauty of sunlight; and Green stands for hope and agricultural resources”.
Guidelines To Follow when using the flag:
- The Jamaican flag should never be allowed to touch the ground or floor. It should not be flown or used only for decorative purposes on anything that is for temporary use and is likely to be discarded, except on state occasions.
- The flag should never be smaller than any other flag flown at the same time.
- When the flag becomes worn and must be replaced, it should be burnt privately and not used for any other purpose than that, for which it was designated.
- Do not place any other flag above or to the right of the Jamaican flag, except at foreign embassies, consulates, and missions. (As seen from, say, a building looking outwards, i.e., the left when facing the building.)
- Do not raise any foreign flag publicly, unless the Jamaican flag is also flown, except at foreign embassies, consulates, and missions.
- The flag shouldn’t be draped over vehicles, except on military, police, and state occasion
Popular Jamaican Attractions
Jamaica is known for its popular resorts and beaches that are mainly common on the North coast of the island. Tourists go to these beaches and resorts in order to experience a variety of things . These things include snorkelling , sun bathing, swimming and many more. The island nation boasts many special monuments and artefacts from the past that attract visitors to its shores on a yearly basis. Some popular Jamaican attractions include.
- The Bob Marley Museum
- Port Royal
- North coast beaches
- Dunn’s River Falls
- Rose Hall Great House
- Maroon Town
- Devon House
Jamaica continues to be a land of history and beauty and as the years go by there is no doubt that it will continue to be a island paradise. Thank you for reading this article and Infoblog hope you found it to be informative and entertaining. Always remember to do your best in your endeavours.