Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, born October 7, 1952 is a Russian Politician and former Intelligence officer, serving as the current president of Russia. He has been President of Russia since 2012, previously being in the office from 1999 to until 2008. He also served as the country’s Prime Minister from 1999-2000 and would serve in that post again from 2008- 20012. Putin has recently become the second longest President of a European nation, this is a feat, for which Alexander Lukashenko (Belarus) is currently the longest serving.Many persons Worldwide seem to think Vladimir Putin has a net worth of Trillions of dollars but as of 2018 his net worth stands at over 17 billion dollars.
Vladimir Putin-Early life
Putin was born in Leningrad, which was renamed to Saint. Petersburg in 1991. Vladimir is the youngest of 3 parents for both of his parents. Putin’s Grandfather was a cook for Vladimir Lenin (which is probably the origin of his name). Putin’s Mother was a factory worker and hiss father was a conscript in the Soviet Navy. They served in the submarine fleets in the 1930s, at the beginning of World War II .
Putin started School No. 193 at Baskov lane on September 1, 1960. The school was close to his home. He was one of the few students in his class that was not yet apart of the Young Pioneer organization. When he was 12 he started to take an interest in practicing Sambo and Judo. Vladimir Putin later studied German at Saint Petersburg High School 281 and can speak the language very fluently.
Vladimir became a law major at Andrei Zhdanov, which was located in Leningrad and is now called Saint Petersburg State University. He started to attend the school in 1970 and would later graduate in 1975. When he was attending the University his Thesis was titled “The Most Favored National Trading Principle In International Law”. While he was attending University he was required to join the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and he would remain as a member until it was outlawed in 1991.
Vladimir met Anatoly Sobchak who was an assistant professor of business law,. He would later co-author the Russian Constitution and he was also a causative of the corruption schemes which were persecuted in France. Vladimir would become a major influence in Sobchak’s career in Saint-Petersburg and Sobchak would become a major influence in Putin’s career in Moscow.
1975 would mark the year in which Putin would join the KJB. He trained at the 401st KGB school located in Okhta, Leningrad. He would go on to work in the Second Chief Directorate, which was their counter intelligence unit . Putin was later transferred to the First Chief Directorate, where he monitored foreigners and consular officials in Leningrad. From 1985 to 1990 he would serve in Dresden, East Germany. He used the cover identity of a translator.
After the Communist East German Government had collapsed, Putin resigned as a KJB agent because of suspicions that brought his loyalty during the Dresden demonstrations and earlier, into question. He returned to Leningrad in 1990 where he worked for 3 months with the International Affairs section of Leningrad State University, where he reported to Vice-Rector Yuriy Molchanov. It was his duty to look for new KGB recruits and watch over the student body, he even renewed his friendship with Anatoly Sobchak, who soon after became the Mayor of Leningrad.
Vladimir was appointed as the Political Advisor on international Affairs to Anatoly Sobchak , in 1990. In June of 1991 he became the the head of the Committee for External Relations for the Mayor’s Office. Putin was given the responsibility of promoting international relations and foreign investments. Putin was investigated for an alleged 93 million dollar scam, by the city legislative council. The council recommended that he should be fired but despite all this he remained in the position until 1996. He held several other government positions in Saint Petersburg from 1994-1996.
In 1999 Putin became the successor to Yeltsin when be became Russia’s acting President. Yeltsin endorsed Vladimir as his successor due to the competency that he showed in all the positions that he served in under the former President. He would become Russia’s official President in 2000. He would serve consecutive terms as President and Prime Minister of Russia and he is still currently Russia’s President.
Putin’s Policies and Governance
Putin is well known by Russian professionals as a avid promoter of conservative policies in cultural, political and social matters. He has promoted these policies both at home and abroad. Putin is identified by scholars with Russian conservatism and has strongly hit out at globalism and Neo-liberalism . Putin has promoted new thinktanks which seeks to bring together like minded intellectuals and individuals. Putin has collaborated closely with the Russian Orthodox Church in cultural and social affairs. The head of the church endorsed him during the 2012 election openly stating that Putin’s terms were like “A miracle of God”.
In 2007 Putin was successful in his efforts to have Sochi host the 2014 Winter Olympics and Paralympics. It was the first time that Russia has ever held these events. In addition to this Russia won the right to host the 2017 Confederations Cup and the 2018 World Cup, which was also happening for the first time in Russian history. Putin stated in 2013 that gay athletes would not be facing any discrimination at the 2014 Winter Olympics.
Vladimir Putin is always open to international relations with foreign countries and even visited USA in 2001. He has cooperated with and promoted persons of other sexual orientations, races, genders and classes from around the World. Putin is a very passionate leader and only has his mind set on the development of his country and the World.
Putin’s First and Second Term as President of Russia
On December 31, 1999, Yeltsin unexpectedly announced his resignation and named Putin acting president. Promising to rebuild a weakened Russia, the austere and reserved Putin easily won the March 2000 elections with about 53 percent of the vote. As president, he sought to end corruption and create a strongly regulated market economy.
Putin quickly reasserted control over Russia’s 89 regions and republics, dividing them into seven new federal districts, each headed by a representative appointed by the president. He also removed the right of regional governors to sit in the Federation Council, the upper house of the Russian parliament. Putin moved to reduce the power of Russia’s unpopular financiers and media tycoons—the so-called “oligarchs”by closing several media outlets and launching criminal proceedings against numerous leading figures. He faced a difficult situation in Chechnya, particularly from rebels who staged terrorist attacks in Moscow and guerilla attacks on Russian troops from the region’s mountains; in 2002 Putin declared the military campaign over, but casualties remained high.
Putin strongly objected to U.S. Pres. George W. Bush’s decision in 2001 to abandon the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. In response to the September 11 attacks on the United States in 2001, he pledged Russia’s assistance and cooperation in the U.S.-led campaign against terrorists and their allies, offering the use of Russia’s airspace for humanitarian deliveries and help in search-and-rescue operations. Nevertheless, Putin joined German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder and French Pres. Jacques Chirac in 2002–03 to oppose U.S. and British plans to use force to oust Saddam Hussein’s government in Iraq.
Overseeing an economy that enjoyed growth after a prolonged recession in the 1990s, Putin was easily reelected in March 2004. In parliamentary elections in December 2007, Putin’s party, United Russia, won an overwhelming majority of seats. Though the fairness of the elections was questioned by international observers and by the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, the results nonetheless affirmed Putin’s power. With a constitutional provision forcing Putin to step down in 2008, he chose Dmitry Medvedev as his successor.
Putin’s term as prime minister
Soon after Medvedev won the March 2008 presidential election by a landslide, Putin announced that he had accepted the position of chairman of the United Russia party. Confirming widespread expectations, Medvedev nominated Putin as the country’s prime minister within hours of taking office on May 7, 2008. Russia’s parliament confirmed the appointment the following day. Although Medvedev grew more assertive as his term progressed, Putin was still regarded as the main power within the Kremlin.
While some speculated that Medvedev might run for a second term, he announced in September 2011 that he and Putin would pending a United Russia victory at the polls trade positions. Widespread irregularities in parliamentary elections in December 2011 triggered a wave of popular protest, and Putin faced a surprisingly strong opposition movement in the presidential race. On March 4, 2012, however, Putin was elected to a third term as Russia’s president. In advance of his inauguration, Putin resigned as United Russia chairman, handing control of the party to Medvedev. He was inaugurated as president on May 7, 2012, and one of his first acts upon assuming office was to nominate Medvedev to serve as prime minister.
Third presidential term of Vladimir Putin
Putin’s first year back in office as president was characterized by a largely successful effort to stifle the protest movement. Opposition leaders were jailed, and nongovernmental organizations that received funding from abroad were labeled as “foreign agents.” Tensions with the United States flared in June 2013, when U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) contractor Edward Snowden sought refuge in Russia after revealing the existence of a number of secret NSA programs. Snowden was allowed to remain in Russia on the condition that, in the words of Putin, he stop “bringing harm to our American partners.” After chemical weapons attacks outside Damascus in August 2013, the U.S. made the case for military intervention in the Syrian Civil War. In an editorial published in The New York Times, Putin urged restraint, and U.S. and Russian officials brokered a deal whereby Syria’s chemical weapons supply would be destroyed.
Putin commemorated the 20th anniversary of the adoption of the post-Soviet constitution in December 2013 by ordering the release of some 25,000 individuals from Russian prisons. In a separate move, he granted a pardon to Mikhail Khodorkovsky, the former head of the Yukos oil conglomerate who had been imprisoned for more than a decade on charges that many outside Russia claimed were politically motivated.
The Ukraine conflict and Syrian intervention
In February 2014, when the government of Ukrainian Pres. Viktor Yanukovych was overthrown after months of sustained protests, Yanukovych fled to Russia. Refusing to recognize the interim government in Kiev as legitimate, Putin requested parliamentary approval to dispatch troops to Ukraine to safeguard Russian interests. By early March 2014 Russian troops and pro-Russian paramilitary groups had effectively taken control of Crimea, a Ukrainian autonomous republic whose population was predominantly ethnic Russian.
In a popular referendum held on March 16, residents of the Crimea voted to join Russia, and Western governments introduced a series of travel bans and asset freezes against members of Putin’s inner circle. On March 18 Putin, stating that the Crimea had always been part of Russia, signed a treaty incorporating the peninsula into the Russian Federation. Over subsequent days still more of Putin’s political allies were targeted with economic sanctions by the U.S. and the EU. After ratification of the treaty by both houses of the Russian parliament, on March 21 Putin signed legislation that formalized the Russian annexation of Crimea.
In April 2014, groups of unidentified gunmen outfitted with Russian equipment seized government buildings throughout southeastern Ukraine, sparking an armed conflict with the government in Kiev. Putin referred to the region as Novorossiya (“New Russia”), evoking claims from the imperial era, and, although all signs pointed to direct Russian involvement in the insurgency, Putin steadfastly denied having a hand in the fighting. On July 17, 2014, Malaysia Airlines flight MH17, carrying 298 people, crashed in eastern Ukraine, and overwhelming evidence indicated that it had been shot down by a Russian-made surface-to-air missile fired from rebel-controlled territory.
Western countries responded by tightening the sanctions regime, and those measures, combined with plummeting oil prices, sent the Russian economy into a tailspin. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) estimated that more than 1,000 Russian troops were actively fighting inside Ukraine when Russian and Ukrainian leaders met for cease-fire talks in Minsk, Belarus, on September 5. The cease-fire slowed, but did not stop, the violence, and pro-Russian rebels spent the next several months pushing back Ukrainian government forces.
Thank you for reading this article and if you found our blog to be informative and educational then please go ahead and follow it and while you are at it why not follow out socials for all our latest blog posts? Have a good one!